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dress and bonnet smiling for the photographer in front of her sod house.

A pioneer woman in her dress and bonnet smiling for the photographer in front of her sod house.

A homesteading family stands proudly with all of their possessions, in this case three chairs, in front of their sod house, near Rock Lake, North Dakota, in 1905.    It was customary for people to take all of their possessions out in front of their home whenever a traveling photographer came around. Children were also outfitted in their Sunday best, which did not necessarily include shoes, as they were considered to be a great luxury during this time.

To accompany Suggested anchor text "Dakota Dugout" - In the good old days, when…

Many sod houses were dug 3-4 feet into the soil and continued with sod bricks to the desired height of the house.  If wood was available the walls and floor were reinforced with planks against the earth. This process proved to give the greatest protection from intense weather conditions. Once the claim was legally theirs most families built permanent, traditional homes.  However, many families gave up before then due to the harsh conditions on the Prairie.

An example of a historic primitive crofters cottage; a "sods cabin" with a timber frame and clad with peat sods, dug from the heath.

Family and sod home, Finney County, Kansas

Family and sod home, Finney County, Kansas - The photograph shows an unidentified family standing in front of a sod house or dugout in Finney County, Kansas. Creator: Wolf, Henry L. Date: Between 1890 and 1900

Grandma Hoch sod house in Sheridan County, Kansas                                      This photograph is labeled 'Grandma Hoch sod house.' ...

Grandma Hoch sod house in Sheridan County, Kansas This photograph is labeled 'Grandma Hoch sod house.

Image No: NA-3961-4 Title: Bruce and Jim Hunter in homestead shack, Dog Pound…

Bruce and Jim Hunter in homestead shack, Dog Pound area, Alberta. Date: 1897 Remarks: Note branding irons on wall and socks drying. Bruce on left at table; Jim reading with feet on stove. Photograph taken by means of string attached to camera.

North American settlers

North American Settlers, - Retronaut / Pa would bang his head on the roof. The "barn" is a tarp covered spot beside the house. Note the *wooden* fireplace.

A Pioneer Home, Jamestown. Virginia.

One of hundreds of thousands of free digital items from The New York Public Library.

Out in the Prairie of Southern Indiana>?

A census enumerator interviews a Kentucky family for the 1910 Census. Kentucky's population grew from in 1910 to on July Learn more at: census.

"A sod house with a collapsed roof." 2002 Smithsonian, Courtesy of Nebraska State Historical Society

"A sod house with a collapsed roof." 2002 Smithsonian, Courtesy of Nebraska State Historical Society.Not many trees in Nebraska.so chunks of sod cut out of the land used like bricks.also settlers dug under the sod and built houses like caves.

Sod house of a new farmer in Hettinger County

Sod house of a new farmer in Hettinger County