Assyrians from Mesopotamia (Iraq) established trading colonies in Anatolia (Turkey). Their seals detail international trade in the early ca. 1900 BCE that extended from Egypt to the Caucasus to Central Asia and the Indus Valley;. such as the exchange of tin and textiles from Ashur for silver from Anatolia. This seal records court testimony in an ownership dispute of a business firm. Cuneiform seal Middle Bronze Age–Old Assyrian Trading Colony in Anatolia (Karum Kanesh) Turkey).