In 1861, Ignaz Semmelweis (1818-1865), a Hungarian physician working in the Vienna Maternity Hospital (the largest in the world), insisted that medical students who came directly from the dissecting room wash their hands before attending a woman in labour. He showed that maternal deaths were higher among women delivered by doctors than by midwives. The work of all these men was unpopular at first because it laid the blame for maternal mortality literally at the hands of doctors.
Gyula Andrássy ~ Gyula Count Andrássy de Csíkszentkirály et Krasznahorka (3 March 1823 - 18 February 1890) was a Hungarian statesman, who served as Prime Minister of Hungary (1867-1871) and subsequently as Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary (1871–1879). He was sometimes called Count Julius Andrassy in English.