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Evangelista Torricelli,1608 – 1647, matematico e fisico italiano. inventore del barometro a mercurio.

Lorenzo Lippi - Evangelista Torricelli - circa 1647 - Galleria Silvano Lodi & Due

Marie-Sophie Germain (April 1, 1776 – June 27, 1831) was a French mathematician, physicist, & philosopher. Despite initial opposition from her parents & difficulties presented by a sexist society, she gained education from books in her father's library & from correspondence with famous mathematicians. One of the pioneers of elasticity theory, she won the grand prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences for her essay. Her work on Fermat's Last Theorem provided a foundation for mathematicians.

Portrait of Cecilia Gaposchkin. Credit line: AIP Emilio Segre Visual Archives, Physics Today Collection

Nicole Reine-Lepaute (1723-1788) was a French astronomer and mathematician, and a member of the French Academy of Science. She made several significant contributions to the field of astronomy during her career.She was part of a team who predicted the return of Halley’s comet with impressive accuracy, even though her male partner did not acknowledge her work upon presenting their conclusions. She also calculated the exact date and time of a solar eclipse in 1764.

Nicole Reine-Lepaute was a French astronomer and mathematician, and a member of the French Academy of Science. She made several significant contributions to the field of astronomy during.

André Marie Ampere: mathematician, chemist, and physicist; generally regarded as one of the main discoverers of electromagnetism. It was Ampere’s devotion at daily Mass that inspired a young Frédéric Ozanam to devote himself more earnestly to his Catholic Faith. Ozanam was going through a period of doubt and, while visiting a church in Paris, he saw the great scientist praying fervently before the altar. (Ozanam would later find the St. Vincent de Paul Society at twenty years old.)

Andre-Marie Ampere - physicist and mathematician renowned for his work in electrodynamics. The SI unit of measurement of electric currents, the ampere or amp, is named in his honor.

February 15, 1564 - January 8, 1642    Galileo Galilei was a Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism.

Galileo Galilei was an Italian Astronomer and Scientist. Read this biography of Galileo Galilei to find more on his life.

Ettore Majorana

Ettore Majorana, theoretical physicist who first revealed what would become known as the Majorana Fermion Particle.

"Werner Heisenberg was one of the greatest physicists of the twentieth century. He is best known as a founder of quantum mechanics, the new physics of the atomic world, and especially for the uncertainty principle in quantum theory."

"Werner Heisenberg was one of the greatest physicists of the twentieth century. He is best known as a founder of quantum mechanics, the new physics of the atomic world, and especially for the uncertainty principle in quantum theory.

Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Invented the reflecting telescope in 1668. He was a physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist. Also renown for the laws of motion.

Newton's 3 laws essay Essay Sir Isaac Newton's Three Laws of Motion 1373 Words

Wikipedia.org/ Jules Henri Poincaré-- (1854-1912) was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and a philosopher of science. He is often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as The Last Universalist by Eric Temple Bell, since he excelled in all fields of the discipline as it existed during his lifetime

Jules Henri Poincaré (French: [ʒyl ɑ̃ʁi 29 April 1854 – 17 July was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and a philosopher of science.

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Considered one of the most important works in the history of science, Isaac Newton published his "Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica" on July In it he stated his laws of motion and gravity.

Niels Bohr (7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics.  "A physicist is just an atom's way of looking at itself."  --Neils Bohr

Niels Bohr October 1885 – 18 November was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics. "A physicist is just an atom's way of looking at itself.

Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937) - the father of nuclear physics

Ernest Rutherford - the father of nuclear physics

Charles-Augustin de Coulomb (14 June 1736 – 23 August 1806) was a French physicist. He is best known for developing Coulomb's law, the definition of the electrostatic force of attraction and repulsion. The SI unit of charge, the coulomb, was named after him.

Charles-Augustin de Coulomb June 1736 – 23 August was a French physicist. He is best known for developing Coulomb's law, the definition of the electrostatic force of attraction and repulsion. The SI unit of charge, the coulomb, was named after h

Evangelista Torricelli (1608–1647) was an Italian physicist and mathematician, best known for his invention of the barometer, but is also known for his advances in optics and work on the method of Indivisibles.

Evangelista Torricelli was an Italian physicist and mathematician, best known for his invention of the barometer, but is also known for his advances in optics and work on the method of Indivisibles.

Richard Feynman was an American physicist , best known for his contributions to quantum mechanics and particle physics and was a keen popularizer of physics through both books and lectures.

Physicist, Nobel Prize winner, and popular science author Richard Feynman

Ernest Rutherford

Who discovered the POSITIVELY charged particle (proton)? Interestingly, Ernest Rutherford, one of the most positive and energetic physicists in history.

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