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Formazione a testuggine

Formazione a testuggine

Roman formation.

Roman formation.

LEGION VIII AUGUSTA: le rassemblement européen de Marle

LEGION VIII AUGUSTA: le rassemblement européen de Marle

CESAR+EN+BRITANNIA.. -  ANNEE 54 av JC: Bretons, Eburons et Trévires, 2) 2° eXPEDITION EN BRETAGNE, 3: Sur une rivière, la cavalerie romaine repousse celle ennemie et les chars bretons, puis se retirant dans les bois, les Bretons perdent leurs retranchements face à la 7° légion formée en tortue et fuient. César préfère ne pas les poursuivre, ne connaissant pas le pays, et fortifie son camp.

CESAR+EN+BRITANNIA.. - ANNEE 54 av JC: Bretons, Eburons et Trévires, 2) 2° eXPEDITION EN BRETAGNE, 3: Sur une rivière, la cavalerie romaine repousse celle ennemie et les chars bretons, puis se retirant dans les bois, les Bretons perdent leurs retranchements face à la 7° légion formée en tortue et fuient. César préfère ne pas les poursuivre, ne connaissant pas le pays, et fortifie son camp.

Centurion with "vitis". The vitis (vine stick) was a symbol of the centurion's authority and the implement with which he would mete out punishment.

Centurion with "vitis". The vitis (vine stick) was a symbol of the centurion's authority and the implement with which he would mete out punishment.

A republican legion set up in its three ranks during the post-Camillan reforms. The three ranks in a Manipular Legion were the Hastati ( in front ), Principes ( in middle ), and Triarii ( at the back ).

A republican legion set up in its three ranks during the post-Camillan reforms. The three ranks in a Manipular Legion were the Hastati ( in front ), Principes ( in middle ), and Triarii ( at the back ).

Marius' Legionary by Jeff Burn - John Warry. (Marius and Sulla/Roman Army Reorganization/Montefortino helmet/mail shirt/pilum scutum and gladius/Warfare in the Classical World)

Marius' Legionary by Jeff Burn - John Warry. (Marius and Sulla/Roman Army Reorganization/Montefortino helmet/mail shirt/pilum scutum and gladius/Warfare in the Classical World)

Legio VI - Bellegarde 2011 (Photo by D. Freschet)

Legio VI - Bellegarde 2011 (Photo by D. Freschet)

Concept Art: Ryse - Son of Rome

Concept Art: Ryse - Son of Rome

Testudo ~ Roman testudo (tortoise) formation. In Ancient Roman warfare, the testudo or tortoise formation was a formation used commonly by the Roman Legions during battles, particularly sieges. Testudo is the Latin word for "tortoise". The Greek term for this formation is "chelone" and during the Byzantine era, it seems to have evolved to what military manuals of the era call the "foulkon".

Testudo ~ Roman testudo (tortoise) formation. In Ancient Roman warfare, the testudo or tortoise formation was a formation used commonly by the Roman Legions during battles, particularly sieges. Testudo is the Latin word for "tortoise". The Greek term for this formation is "chelone" and during the Byzantine era, it seems to have evolved to what military manuals of the era call the "foulkon".

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