Explore Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln, and more!

Elizabeth Keckley - this former slave was Mary Todd Lincoln's personal modiste.

Wonderful photo of Madam Elizabeth Keckley, former slave, dressmaker/designer and faithful friend to Mary Todd Lincoln. In her later years, she taught home economics at Wilberforce University in Ohio.

Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American/Native American ophthalmologist and the inventor of the Laserphaco Probe.  Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.

Patricia Era Bath is an Black American and Native American ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first Black American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.

"I have borne 13 children, and seen most sold off to slavery. And when I cried out with a mother's grief, none heard me but Jesus!" quote from "Ain't I A Woman?" by Sojourner Truth

"I have borne 13 children, and seen most sold off to slavery. And when I cried out with a mother's grief, none heard me but Jesus!" quote from "Ain't I A Woman?" by Sojourner Truth Slavery was so sad. How could we treat people this way in the South.

In 1897 Anita Hemmings became the first black graduate of Vassar. But because she was passing for white, when her race was discovered she almost wasn’t allowed to graduate.

Anita Florence Hemmings: Passing For White At Vassar

Anita Florence Hemmings - was Vassar’s first black graduate - class of 1897 - more than 40 years before the college opened its doors to African Americans

Escrava Anastácia, or Anastácia the slave, was an 18th century Brazilian slave. She suffered a brutal existence because she refused to give in to the sexual desires of her master. Much of her life is the subject of folklore and is sometimes depicted with blue eyes. A woman of great beauty, she was muzzled with a mask and often suffered in silence. Today, throughout Brazil, many women wear the mask in public displays in honor of Anastácia as a sysmbol of resistance.

Slavery in Brazil - Enslaved Person Wearing the Iron Muzzle

Cudjoe Kazoola Lewis, The last known survivor of the Atlantic slave trade between Africa and North America, Early 1900's

Cudjoe Kazoola Lewis, The last known survivor of the Atlantic slave trade between Africa and North America, Early

Sara Lucy Bagby Johnson(1833-1906) was the last known 'fugitive slave' in U.S. history. Lucy escaped via the Underground Railroad to PA then on to Cleveland, Ohio. Her owner, William Goshorn(WV), eventually located her, and she was returned under the provisions of the Fugitive Slave law. One can only imagine what she went through. She was eventually saved by a Union Captain around the time period of the execution of Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. Exact date is unknown.

Sara Lucy Bagby was the last known 'fugitive slave' in U. Lucy escaped via the Underground Railroad to PA then on to Cleveland, Ohio. Her owner, William Goshorn(WV), eventually located her, and she was returned under the prov

Rachel Boone was a slave of the decendents of the Daniel Boone family who escaped to an army camp near Miami, MO. She gave birth to a son & moved to Warrensburg, MO. Her son became "Blind" Boone, famous classical pianist known all over the U.S., Canada & Mexico who also reportedly played in Europe. He became known as the "pioneer of ragtime"

Rachel Boone was a slave of the decendents of the Daniel Boone family who escaped to an army camp near Miami, MO. She gave birth to a.

LET ME BLOW YOUR MIND...This is photo of a soldier,(German father, African mother).  His father was a colonial administrator in  German SW Africa (now Namibia). When the official returned to Germany, he took his son with him. This is the man while serving in the army of "NAZI GERMANY'!  His wife, was a mixed  German from the Rhineland. The hair & features on both of them clearly show a mix of African & caucasian ancestry...& he was NOT the only one in the German Army!  "...the more you know"

LET ME BLOW YOUR MIND.This is photo of a soldier,(German father, African mother). His father was a colonial administrator in German SW Africa (now Namibia). When the official returned to Germany, he took his son with him.

Mary Church Terrell, (1863 – 1954), daughter of former slaves, was one of the first black women to earn a college degree. She became an activist who led several important associations, including the National Association of Colored Women, and worked for civil rights and suffrage. Active in the Republican Party, she was president of the Women's Republican League during W. G. Harding's 1920 presidential campaign and the first election in which all American women were given the right to vote.

Mary Church Terrell, – daughter of former slaves, was one of the first black women to earn a college degree. She became an activist who led several important associations, including the National Association of Colored Women, and worked for ci

Before graduate student Mike King began using his given name, Martin Luther, before Detroit Red changed his name to Malcolm X, and before Medgar Evers joined the NAACP, civil rights activist Harry T. Moore and his wife, Harritte, were murdered.   He was the first civil rights leader to be assassinated, but few know his name. His murder was the spark that ignited the American civil rights movement, but even few know his story.

Civil rights activist Harry T. Moore and his wife, Harritte, were murdered. He was the first civil rights leader to be assassinated, but few know his name. His murder was the spark that ignited the American civil rights movement.

Elizabeth Keckley bought her freedom and rose to become Mary Todd Lincoln's dress designer and personal confidant.

“I know what liberty is because I know what slavery was.” Elizabeth Keckley Elizabeth Hobbs Keckley (Circa Feb 1818 - May

Amanda Berry Smith was born enslaved January 23, 1837. Smith became well known for her beautiful voice and evangelized throughout the South and the West. In 1876, she was invited to speak and sing in England and ended up staying for a year and a half conducting religious services. After her return to the United States, she founded the Amanda Smith Orphan’s Home for African American children in a suburb of Chicago, Illinois.

Amanda Berry Smith was born enslaved January Smith became well known for her beautiful voice and evangelized throughout the South and the West. In she was invited to speak and sing in England and ended up staying for a year and a half cond

Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield (1824-1876) was called "the Black Swan" because of the elegance of her voice and grace of her state presence. Born a slave in Natchez, MS, she was freed when her mistress joined the Society of Friends. She began studying music in 1846. In 1854, she became the first African American singer to perform for Britain's royal family.

Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield dubbed "The Black Swan", was an African-American singer considered the best-known black concert artist of her time.

Alex Haley's grandmother "Queen" who was born to an African slave mother and a white plantation son named Jackson on the Cypress Plantation in Alabama.  She was given his name of Jackson and after the war married Alex Haley (Grandfather) to young Alex Haley

Alex Haley's grandmother "Queen" who was born to an African slave mother and a white plantation son named Jackson on the Cypress Plantation in Alabama.

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