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"Weighing Cotton," Photo by Leonard Nadel, 1956. Courtesy Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History and on view in the national traveling exhibition "Bittersweet Harvest: The Bracero Program, 1942-1964."   On farms, braceros worked fields of cotton, citrus, dates and such backbreaking stoop-labor crops as sugar beets, lettuce and strawberries. A bracero would often spend an entire day with a heavy sack on their back.

"Weighing Cotton," Photo by Leonard Nadel, 1956. Courtesy Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History and on view in the national traveling exhibition "Bittersweet Harvest: The Bracero Program, 1942-1964." On farms, braceros worked fields of cotton, citrus, dates and such backbreaking stoop-labor crops as sugar beets, lettuce and strawberries. A bracero would often spend an entire day with a heavy sack on their back.

Women's History Month highlights the different forms that "women's work" has taken from past to present. Minverva Cheatum (foreground) helps process "Bracero" workers in the 1950s. They came from 1942-64, through a government-sanctioned work program. "I used to talk to them and make them feel at ease . . . they would get very nervous and intimidated," said Minerva. One of many stories in the Smithsonian traveling exhibit "Bittersweet Harvest." Courtesy National Museum of American History.

"Border Station," Photo by Leonard Nadel, often helped type paperwork at processing centers. Many tried to make the potential braceros feel more at ease while performing these tasks.

National Center for Farmworker Health: About America's Farmworkers

Mexican immigrants-a man and a little boy- farm workers, working in the fields, child labor, Great Depression agriculture

Migration & Immigration in the US | National Museum of American History | Opportunity or Exploitation: The Bracero Program

The bracero program- legally work in US A Bracero worker in the field holding a short-handled hoe.

January 1939. Woman packinghouse worker from Tennessee with three of her four children eating supper of fried potatoes and cornbread and canned milk. Belle Glade, Florida. Marion Post Wolcott. LC-USF34-051055-E The Library of Congress

January Woman packinghouse worker from Tennessee with three of her four children eating supper of fried potatoes and cornbread and canned milk. The Library of Congress

The California Bracero Program  (1942-1964)    Just for Board Cover - Not Really included to images for this project.

The California Bracero Program Just for Board Cover - Not Really included to images for this project.

Vocabulario Sustantivo 1: Bracero; Trabajador que emigra temporalmente a otro país.

Oregon Experience · The Braceros · About the Bracero Program · OPB

1940's - The first notable wave of Mexican Immigration in US. The Bracero program helped open doors to many Mexican workers (reason why many of us are here today). Mexican music sprouted and forever living legacies like "La Bamba" were created.

- The first notable wave of Mexican Immigration in US. The Bracero program helped open doors to many Mexican workers (reason why many of us are here today). Mexican music sprouted and forever living legacies like "La Bamba" were created.

Francine Everett (April 13, 1915 – May 27, 1999) was an African-American actress and singer who is best known for her performances in race films, independently produced motion pictures with all-black casts that were created exclusively for distribution to cinemas that catered to African American audiences. She studied and acted with the Federal Theater in Harlem, which was sponsored by the Works Progress Administration.

Francine Everett- Actress, Dirty Gertie from Harlem U. Francine Everett, who was called the most beautiful woman in Harlem and one of the most beautiful actresses to appear on screen.

Public health nurse with twins in a migrant worker's shack. 1944

Public health nurse with twins in a migrant worker's shack. Credit: State Archives of Florida (Florida Memory, Division of Library & Information Services)

Cesar Chavez. Civil Rights Leader. "A word as to the education of the heart. We don’t believe that this can be imparted through books. It can only be imparted through the loving touch of the teacher."

Labor Activist Cesar Chavez Talking in Field with Grape Pickers of United Farm Workers Union

Labor Activist Cesar Chavez Talking in Field with Grape Pickers of United Farm Workers Union by Arthur Schatz

The safety of bracero workers, brought in to "save our crops" during WWII, was a low priority in the Salinas Valley for many years. This fertile valley, near the San Francisco Bay area/Silicon Symphony Silicon Valley,  is home to produce that was and is a major contributor to US (and beyond) food supplies.

Bracero Memorial Highway dedicated to celebrate contributions of Mexican field workers and railroad builders

Vintage Fashion | 16 Stone Vintage Vintage Fashion | True Style Never Fades…

Vintage Fashion | 16 Stone Vintage Vintage Fashion | True Style Never Fades…

I am a bit obsessed with this awesome picture. It’s Hilda Simms, Langston Hughes (bottom right) and actor Canada Lee (center in white ...

"I am a bit obsessed with this awesome picture. It’s Hilda Simms, Langston Hughes (bottom right) and actor Canada Lee (center in white shirt) at a party with other artists around - Vintage Black Glamour. Photo by George Karger/Pix Inc.

History - National Center for Farmworker Health

History of migrant and seasonal farmworkers and the migrant health movement in the U.

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