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L'Odorat - Aaron Martinet

Things with Subject = five senses

A ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army).  From the Balkans (Epirus or Albania).  Late-ottoman, 2nd half of the 19th century.

A ‘başıbozuk’ (irregular soldier of the Ottoman army). From the Balkans (Epirus or Albania). Late-ottoman, half of the century. This doesn't look a like a Bashi Bazouk but more like a normal Greek or Albanian male.

A Mamluk nobleman from Aleppo

Mamluk Nobleman - The "mamluk phenomenon", as David Ayalon dubbed the creation of the specific warrior was of great political importance and was extraordinarily long-lived, lasting from the to the centuries AD

French Army, Napoleon, Troops, Egypt, 18th Century

Woman at the hammam.- Illustrations of Ottomans circa 1790 from Costumes Turcs  Source: British Museum

Woman at the hammam.- Illustrations of Ottomans circa 1790 from Costumes Turcs Source: British Museum

L'Ouie - Aaron Martinet

L'Ouie - Aaron Martinet

French Army, Napoleon, Troops, Egypt, Revolution, 18th Century

Ottoman Janissaries (conscripted soldiers) were divided into 101 ortahs (regiments), each Janissary tattooed a mark on his arm showing his ortah. A crescent was the symbol of the first ortah (the Sultans ortah), the thirty-first ortah which served on board the fleet, was an anchor. The number of Janissaries in each ortah was varied, greater numbers were in the most distinguished; the number in some was extremely large, that of the thirty-fifth, amounting to nearly thirty thousand.

Because of the weakening of the Ottoman Empire conservative Janissaries blocked needed military reform and allowed their state to lose ground to European rivals. Also the weakness in technology included the imperial navy.

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