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Marian Anderson - the famous composer Auturo Toscanni described her voice as one that is heard only once every 100 years.

Jan 1955 Singer Marian Anderson made her debut with the Metropolitan Opera in New York, becoming the first black person to perform there as a member.

Meta Warrick Fuller - African-American Sculptress

Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller was an African-American artist, notable for her art celebrating Afrocentric themes. She was known as a multi-talented artist who wrote poetry, painted, and sculpted.

Scott Joplin, composer & pianist, is known as the 'king of ragtime.' In 1899, he composed 'Maple Leaf Rag' - the genre's biggest hit. He included ragtime songs in his 'Treemonisha', the first opera composed by an African-American. In 1976, almost 60 years after his death, Joplin was awarded a special posthumous Pulitzer Prize for his contributions to music. This stamp was issued on June 9, 1983.

SCOTT JOPLIN - A composer and pianist, Scott Joplin is known as the "king of ragtime." In Joplin composed "Maple Leaf Rag," which was the genre's biggest hit.

"I learned from my mother that if you have a chance to speak, you should speak. If you have an opinion, you should make it be known." - Ursula Burns, the first femal African American CEO of a fortune 500 company

In the new documentary "Makers: Women Who Make America," Xerox CEO Ursula Burns tells the story of how she rose to become the first African-American woman to lead a Fortune 500 company.

Marian Anderson, ca. 1922 Ardmore, Pennsylvania Photographer: Frank W. Harris, Jr.

Marian Anderson, ca. 1922 Ardmore, Pennsylvania Photographer: Frank W.

Hattie McDaniel made history when she became the first African American to receive an Academy Award on February 29, 1940. She won the Oscar for her performance as Mammy in Gone With the Wind -- one of our favorites!

Hattie McDaniel (June 1895 – October was an American actress, singer-songwriter, and comedienne. Best known as Mammy in Gone with the Wind first African American to win an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.

Bessie Smith: 1894-1937  was an American blues singer. Nicknamed The Empress of the Blues, Smith was the most popular female blues singer of the 1920s & 1930s. Considered by many to be the greatest blues singer of all time, Bessie Smith was also a successful vaudeville entertainer who became the highest paid African-American performer of the roaring twenties.She was, along with Louis Armstrong, a major influence on other jazz vocalists.

Bessie Smith was an American blues singer. Nicknamed "The Empress of the Blues", Smith was the most popular female blues singer of the and She is regarded as one of the greatest singers of her era and a major influence on many blues and jazz vocalists.

32c Eubie Blake 1995

US Stamp 1995 - Legends of American Music Jazz Musicians Eubie Blake Composer…

Marian Anderson 1898, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Photographer: Strawbridge & Clothier Photographic Studios

Marian Anderson 1898, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Photographer: Strawbridge & Clothier Photographic Studios

In 1920, Republican Party member James Weldon Johnson becomes leader of the NAACP. During his tenure, he investigated conditions in Haiti, fought for young black authors to get published during the Harlem Renaissance and supported the the Republicans' Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill of 1921, which the Democrats defeated.

Author, educator, diplomat, songwriter, & early Civil Rights activist James Weldon Johnson