A Romano-Egyptian mummy portrait from Tanis. It is an encaustic portrait on wood. The use of a painted portrait of the deceased to replace the impersonal mummy-mask of Egyptian funerary tradition was an introduction of the Roman period
Portrait of a Fayum woman. Fayum Mummy portrait is the modern term given to a type of naturalistic painted portraits on wooden boards. The portraits were an innovation dating back to the Coptic period during the time of the Roman occupation of Egypt.