SPACE: Design Elements as raw materials applied to Design Principles. Space can be used to create balance, contrast, emphasis, rhythm, scale/proportion, unity and variety......Jewelry is generally 3D (length, width & depth). To create depth: layer, overlap, sculpt, enclose, etc. Space may be positive or negative. The positive space is what we are first aware of, it is the more tangible area made up of shapes. Negative space is open and unoccupied by material. Hu Jun.