The Battle of Chaeronea BC) The Macedonian cavlary decimated the lines of the Athenian and Theban hoplites. In the front, a Theban Sacred Band officer faces a Macedonian cavalry officer while his companions provide cover with their spears.
Hoplitas: Hoplites were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields. Hoplite soldiers utilized the phalanx formation in order to be effective in war with fewer soldiers.
Macedonian infantry hoplite century BC) - Phrygian helmet with jaw protectors - Linen cuirass - Hoplite shield with the Vergina sun symbol - Double edged sword Drawing by C.Giannopoulos for Periskopio Editions - Greek military warfare