Csontváry Kosztka Tivadar, Hungarian painter, who was part of the avant-garde movement of the early twentieth century. Working mostly in Budapest, he was one of the first Hungarian painters to become well known in Europe. The winter of 1904 was spent in Sicily, where the following spring, Csontvary did a 21 sq. metre canvas of "The Greek Theatre at Taormina" with snowcapped Etna in the background. He pitched a big tent on a hillslope where he commanded a wonderful view of the bay and the volcano. He put up his huge canvas in the tent and would permit nobody to take a glimpse of the picture while it was in the making.