Rigoberta Menchu Tum. First Indigenous woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992. and is a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. Of Mayan decent, she became an activist on behalf of the Mayan people, victims of the genecide committed by the armed forces during the country's civil war. (over 200,000 were murdered) . Born January 9, 1959 in Laj Chimel, Quiche, GUATEMALA .