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Tell Atchana is the modern name of the ancient site of Alalakh (Turkey).  It has come under Hittite occupation during the reign of Suppiluliuma I from 14th century till its destruction in 12th century. The site also has rich findings from pre-Hittite period. The orthostat of Tudhaliya IV and gate lions are dated to 13th centurty BCE and they are currently in Antakya Museum.

Hittite gate lions Achana /Alalakh Canaanite city state just north of Ugarit came under Hittite rule during the reign of Suppiluliuma I, till its destruction BC Antakya Museum, Turkey

Assyrian Human Headed Winged Bull. Gypsum Alabaster. H. 313.7 cm. Neo-Assyrian Period. 883-859 BCE. Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Iraq. Metropolitan Museum of Art: 32.143.1–.2.

Human-headed winged lion (lamassu), b. Neo-Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia Alabaster (gypsum). i belive this is the one i saw at the British museum in London.

Babylonian Kudurru, land grant, 16th BCE, Mesopotamia. Kudurru was a type of stone document used as boundary stones and as records of land grants to vassals by the Kassites in ancient Babylonia between the 16th and 12th centuries BCE.The word is Akkadian for "frontier" or "boundary"  Marduk-nadin-ahhe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kudurru was a type of stone document used as boundary stones and as records of land grants to vassals by the Kassites in ancient Babylonia between the to centuries BC.

Assur, 8th century BCE. Bulls with wings and human heads, benign genii and gate-keepers in the palace of king Sargon II of Assur (722-705), Khorsabad. now at the Louvre

Bulls with wings and human heads, benign genii and gate-keepers in the palace of king Sargon II of Assur Khorsabad. H: 400 cm AO 19858

The Longyou Caves were only discovered late in the 20th century. At least 24 caves have been discovered so far. All of which were carved by hand. Although the overall excavation involved almost a million cubic metres of stone, there is no historical record of them or evidence of the work. Their origin is a complete mystery. At present there is no explanation for their existence. They represent one of the largest underground excavations of ancient times.:

The Longyou Caves were discovered late in the century. At least 24 caves…

Human–headed winged lion (lamassu)   Date: 883–859 B.C. (Neo–Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II) Location: Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia Medium: Alabaster (gypsum)

Human–headed winged lion (lamassu) Date: B. (Neo–Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II) Location: Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia Medium: Alabaster (gypsum)

Gilgamesh, the legendary king of ancient Uruk, stands holding a majestic beast lion and a snake. He is the hero from the Epic of Gilgamesh, one of the earliest stories which survives. PN 8717 Made fro

Gilgamesh King of Uruk Epic Hero Statue 10H

Gilgamesh, the legendary king of ancient Uruk, stands holding a majestic beast lion and a snake. He is the hero from the Epic of Gilgamesh, one of the earliest stories which survives. PN 8717 Made fro

A pair of lion-form gold earrings, Persia, 12th century | lot | Sotheby's

pair of lion-form gold earrings, Persia, century each composed of gold, hammered and chased, designed as stylised lions decorated with twisted wire and inset green and turquoise stone eyes Quantity: 2 height.

Ahura Mazda, supreme god in ancient Iranian religion, especially in the religious system of the Iranian prophet Zoroaster (7th century–6th century BCE)

Ahura Mazda, supreme god in ancient Iranian religion, especially in the religious system of the Iranian prophet Zoroaster century BCE)

Babylonian archers. In Babylon, the Processional Way ran through the Ishtar gate, which was lined with walls showing about 120 lions, bulls, dragons and flowers on enameled yellow and black glazed bricks.

In Babylon, the Processional Way ran through the Ishtar gate, which was lined with walls showing about 120 lions, bulls, dragons and flowers on enameled yellow and black glazed bricks.

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