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Mary of Modena with the future King James III, 1690s

Mary Beatrice d'Este (Mary of Modena), wife of King James II, Queen of England, with her only son, "James III.

ab. 1685 Godfrey Kneller - Mary of Modena, wife of James, Duke of York, later James II

history-of-fashion: “ab. 1685 Godfrey Kneller - Mary of Modena, wife of James, Duke of York, later James II ”

Mary of Modena was Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of King James II and VII. A devout Catholic, Mary became, in 1673, the second wife of James, Duke of York, who later succeeded his older brother Charles II as King James II. Mary was devoted to James and her children, two of whom survived to adulthood: the Jacobite claimant to the English, Scottish and Irish thrones, James Francis Edward Stuart, known as "The Old Pretender", and Princess Louise Mary.

Mary of Modena (Maria Beatrice Anna Margherita Isabella 5 October [O. 25 September] 1658 – 7 May [O. 26 April] was Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of James II [England] and VII [Scotland], Simon Pietersz Verelst

Lady Arabella Churchill, sister of the Duke of Marlborough, and mistress of James II and mother of four of his children.

Lady Arabella Churchill sister of the Duke of Marlborough, was mistress of King James II and mother of four of his children, surnamed FitzJames Stuart, that is "son of James Stuart".

Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart attributed to Alexis Simon Belle oil on canvas, circa 1702-1706

Princess Louisa Maria Theresa Stuart attributed to Alexis Simon Belle oil on canvas, circa

Mezzotint, c. 1720, of Queen Clementina Sobieska, wife of King James VIII and III (after a portrait by Trevisani)

Mezzotint, c. 1720, of Queen Clementina Sobieska, wife of King James VIII and III (after a portrait by Trevisani)

mary-ii-11

French fashions, ca.

Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia "Winter Queen", sister to Charles I, daughter to James I (of England).

Elizabeth Stuart, Eldest daughter of King James I, Queen of Bohemia, nicknamed “The Winter Queen”

Queen Mary II, when Princess of Orange, by  Peter Lely, circa 1678-1680

Portrait of Queen Mary II as Princess of Orange, Sir Peter Lely

Princess Elizabeth of England, Queen of Bohemia -- also known as the Winter Queen.

Winter Queen: Elizabeth of England, Queen of Bohemia, daughter of James I, sister of Charles I and goddaughter of Elizabeth I.

The Lost Prince – in pictures | Art and design | The Guardian

Henry Stuart: Prince Henry When an Infant, unknown artist, 1596

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of James I, grandson of Mary, Queen of Scots - (19 February 1594 – 6 November 1612) was the eldest son of King James I & VI and Anne of Denmark. His name comes from grandfathers Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and Frederick II of Denmark.

Robert Peake (after) Henry Frederick Stuart Prince of Wales 1612 Oil on panel, 57 x 43 cm New College, University of Oxford

John Michael Wright (1617–1694) Charles II in garter robes (1660-1665)

John Michael Wright Charles II in garter robes

William Dobson (1611-46) - James II (1633-1701), when Duke of York

163 William Dobson - James II when Duke of York

Anne Fitzroy, daughter of Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland by lisby1, via Flickr

Anne Lennard (née Palmer), Countess of Sussex February 1661 – 16 May was the eldest daughter of Barbara Palmer, mistress to King Charles II of England. She became the wife of Thomas Lennard, Earl of Sussex, Baron Dacre.

James II

King James II, by Unknown artist, circa 1690 - NPG 366 - © National Portrait Gallery, London