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Joseph Kramer, commandant of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Belsen, photographed on April 28, 1945. After standing trial, Kramer, "The Beast of Belsen", was convicted and executed in December of 1945

Joseph Kramer, commandant of Beegen Belsen concentration camp, photographed on April After standing trial, Kramer "The Beast of Belson" was convicted and executed in December, World War Two

A mass murderer under arrest. Joseph Kramer, commandant of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, wearing ankle shackles as he is put under guard by British military police.

1945 - A mass murderer under arrest. Joseph Kramer, commandant of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, wearing ankle shackles as he is put under guard by British military police.

Dachau remembered - 80 years later

Dachau remembered - 80 years later

The testimony of Hauptsturmführer Josef Kramer.  Known as "The Beast of Belsen", Kramer claims to have striven to improve conditions for the inmates at the camp.  While stationed at Auschwitz (his dept. included both the Gas Chambers and Crematoria), he admits to feeling "slightly surprised" at the orders given to send human beings to the gas chambers, and "wondered to myself whether such action was really right." Kramer was executed for war crimes soon after this testimony was given.

Statement of Josef Kramer Dated: 01 September 1945

Fritz Klein,Trabajó en el Campo de concentración de Auschwitz-Birkenau realizando experimentos científicos sin ninguna justificación con prisioneros desde diciembre de 1943 hasta 1944. Una de sus principales labores fue seleccionar los prisioneros que llegaban al andén del campo para ser enviados a las cámaras de gas. Fue transferido brevemente al campo de Neuengamme en Alemania. En enero de 1945, fue transferido finalmente al campo de concentración de Bergen Belsen.

Fritz Klein (November 1888 – December was a German Nazi physician hanged for his role in atrocities at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp during the Holocaust. Should have been tortured to experience what he gave.

Franz Hössler was an SS-Obersturmführer and Protective Custody Leader at the Auschwitz-Birkenau, Dora-Mittelbau and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps. In this photo, he is standing in front of truck full of corpses at Bergen-Belsen. The purpose of the microphone is unclear.Hössler  was tried alongside 43 other SS in the Bergen Trial. He was found guilty and hanged on Dec 13, 1945.

Franz Hössler at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Germany, April 1945

A liberated inmate of the Nordhausen concentration camp, April 1945.

A liberated inmate of the Nordhausen concentration camp, April 1945. [500x653]

A liberated inmate of the Nordhausen concentration camp, April 1945

Karl and Ilse Koch.  Karl was Commandant of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, then moved to Buchenwald.  and finally to Majdanek.  He was executed by the Nazis for theft during the war.  His wife, Isle, "Bitch of Buchenwald", is infamous for her collection of items made from the tanned skin of inmates.  She rode through the camps selecting prisoners whose tattoos she fancied, had them killed, and used the skin for lampshades, purses, and other items.  She committed suicide in prison in 1967.

Karl-Otto Koch was a commandant of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp. He then moved to Buchenwald and eventually Majdanek. His wife, Ilse Koch, also known as the “Bitch of Buchenwald” was infamous for.

Juana Bormann (or Johana Borman)  was a prison guard at several Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen, and was executed as a war criminal at Hamelin, Germany after a trial in 1945. One of her favorite "games" was unleashing her starving shepherd dog on helpless prisoners -- hence her nickname "The woman with the dogs."

Juana Bormann (or Johana Borman) (September 1893 – December was a prison guard at several Nazi concentration camps, and was executed as a war criminal at Hamelin after a trial in She was not related to leading Nazi Martin Bormann.

<b>Not published in LIFE.</b> German civilians are forced by American troops to bear witness to Nazi atrocities at Buchenwald concentration camp, mere miles from their own homes, April 1945.

Behind the Picture: The Liberation of Buchenwald, April 1945

German civilians are forced by American troops to bear witness to Nazi atrocities at Buchenwald concentration camp, mere miles from their own homes, April 1945

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