Part of Swedens famous Rök runestone, which bears the longest-known runic inscription in stone. The Norsemen continued the practice of mixing runes with Christian symbols until the 17th century, when the medieval church banned runes in an attempt to drive out all vestiges of superstition, paganism, and magic. Runes fell out of widespread use but did not disappear altogether.
This stone is perhaps the oldest Viking rune stone found in Södermanland. The vertical rune lines and the lack of ornamentation tells that this is an early inscription. The stone is from the second half of the 900s. The rune stone was actually found inside a burial mound in 1856. It has probably been placed on the top of the grave in the beginning, but over the passing 800 years since it was raised, it seems to slowly have been sunken into the ground and hidden by the growing grass.
Runes-letters modified from Phoenician alphabet. Runic was often written without spaces between words & where 2 of the same letter sat beside each other only one would be used. It was written both from left to right & right to left. It was mainly used to label items with the owner's name & was considered magical as most people were illiterate & did not understand the concept of symbols representing sounds. This also led to their use in fortune telling.
A rune stone is typically a raised stone with a runic inscription, but the term can also be applied to inscriptions on boulders and on bedrock. The tradition lasted from the 4th century into the 12th century, most dating from the late Viking Age. Most rune stones are found in Scandinavia, but also in locations visited by Norsemen during the Viking Age. Runestones are often memorials to deceased men.