Orchidea ~ Today, the meanings of orchids are generally regarded as a symbolic of rare and delicate beauty. Their charm and mystique delight those who receive them, for few other flowers have the ability to impress their recipient in the same way that the orchid can. Among the many different types of flowers available, the orchid holds a special place as one of the most alluring and captivating, making them a special choice for the treasured people in your life.

Orchidea ~ Today, the meanings of orchids are generally regarded as a symbolic of rare and delicate beauty. Their charm and mystique delight those who receive them, for few other flowers have the ability to impress their recipient in the same way that the orchid can. Among the many different types of flowers available, the orchid holds a special place as one of the most alluring and captivating, making them a special choice for the treasured people in your life.

~Plantago ovata & P. psyllium (Psyllium)  ~Plantaginaceae  ~Traditional: constipation  ~Phytochem:  ~Activity/MOA: bulk-forming laxative

~Plantago ovata & P. psyllium (Psyllium) ~Plantaginaceae ~Traditional: constipation ~Phytochem: ~Activity/MOA: bulk-forming laxative

~Zingiber officinale (Ginger)  ~Zingiberaceae  ~Traditional: nausea/vomiting  ~Phytochem: essential oil, phenolics  ~Activity/MOA: carminitive, anti-emetic,  spasmolytic, antiflatulent, antitussive, hepatoprotective, antiplatelet, hypolipidaemic

~Zingiber officinale (Ginger) ~Zingiberaceae ~Traditional: nausea/vomiting ~Phytochem: essential oil, phenolics ~Activity/MOA: carminitive, anti-emetic, spasmolytic, antiflatulent, antitussive, hepatoprotective, antiplatelet, hypolipidaemic

~Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree)  ~Myrtaceae  ~Traditional: Australian Aboriginals used for bruises/insect bites/skin infections  ~Phytochem: monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes  ~Activity/MOA: antiseptic, acne, respiratory disorders, lice, scabies, terpen-4-ol= broad-spectrum antimicrobial

~Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) ~Myrtaceae ~Traditional: Australian Aboriginals used for bruises/insect bites/skin infections ~Phytochem: monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes ~Activity/MOA: antiseptic, acne, respiratory disorders, lice, scabies, terpen-4-ol= broad-spectrum antimicrobial

~Artemisia annua (Sweet Wormwood  ~Asteraceae  ~Traditional: TCM for malaria and skin disease  ~Phytochem: artemesinin sesquiterpene lactone  ~Activity/MOA: MDR malaria, synthetic analogs (artesenuate, artemether)

~Artemisia annua (Sweet Wormwood ~Asteraceae ~Traditional: TCM for malaria and skin disease ~Phytochem: artemesinin sesquiterpene lactone ~Activity/MOA: MDR malaria, synthetic analogs (artesenuate, artemether)

Botanical medicine infographic

Botanical medicine infographic

Uncaria tomentosa (Cat's Claw)~Rubiaceae~Traditional: Peru for asthma/cancer/cirrhosis/fever/gastritis/diabetes/rheumatism/dysentery/reproductive~Phytochem: alkaloids(pentacyclic/tetracyclic)/triterpenes~Activity/MOA: anticancer/anti-inflammatory/antiviral/immunostimulant/antimutagenic/contraception~Clinical: RA/adjunct cancer/antimutagenic~Contraindication: only pentacyclic=therapeutic/interacts with protease inhibitors/pregnant/immunodeficient~Current Use: CAM tonic/cancer adjunct

Uncaria tomentosa (Cat's Claw)~Rubiaceae~Traditional: Peru for asthma/cancer/cirrhosis/fever/gastritis/diabetes/rheumatism/dysentery/reproductive~Phytochem: alkaloids(pentacyclic/tetracyclic)/triterpenes~Activity/MOA: anticancer/anti-inflammatory/antiviral/immunostimulant/antimutagenic/contraception~Clinical: RA/adjunct cancer/antimutagenic~Contraindication: only pentacyclic=therapeutic/interacts with protease inhibitors/pregnant/immunodeficient~Current Use: CAM tonic/cancer adjunct

Diospyros virginiana~Ebenaceae~Traditional: food/medicine of Native Americans for GI bleeding/thrush/antiseptic/ulcers/hemorrhaging/diarrhea/dysentery/dropsy/diptheria/syphilis~Phytochem: catechins/betulinic acid/vitamins/minerals/carotenodis/papain/bromelain/carotenoids/napthoqiunones/tannins~Activity/MOA: anti-mosquito~Clinical: none~Contraindication: risky for hypotension/diabetes~Current Use: CAM

Diospyros virginiana~Ebenaceae~Traditional: food/medicine of Native Americans for GI bleeding/thrush/antiseptic/ulcers/hemorrhaging/diarrhea/dysentery/dropsy/diptheria/syphilis~Phytochem: catechins/betulinic acid/vitamins/minerals/carotenodis/papain/bromelain/carotenoids/napthoqiunones/tannins~Activity/MOA: anti-mosquito~Clinical: none~Contraindication: risky for hypotension/diabetes~Current Use: CAM

~Nicotiana tabacum (Tobacco)  ~Solanaceae  ~Traditional: antispasmodic, diuretic, emetic, expectorant, sedative, sialogogue  ~Phytochem: nicotine alkaloid  ~Activity/MOA: activates sympathetic NS to release epinephrine/norepinephrine

~Nicotiana tabacum (Tobacco) ~Solanaceae ~Traditional: antispasmodic, diuretic, emetic, expectorant, sedative, sialogogue ~Phytochem: nicotine alkaloid ~Activity/MOA: activates sympathetic NS to release epinephrine/norepinephrine

Coffee (Coffea arabica): Produces fruits with beans that are then de-husked and roasted, the de-husked roasted beans are then ground down to a relatively fine powder which are then used to brew the coffee beverage.

Coffee (Coffea arabica): Produces fruits with beans that are then de-husked and roasted, the de-husked roasted beans are then ground down to a relatively fine powder which are then used to brew the coffee beverage.

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