Leon Battista Alberti (1404–1472). Published Della pittura e della statua, 1435. || Italian author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher, cryptographer and general Renaissance humanist polymath. Alberti's life was described in Giorgio Vasari's Vite. Alberti was the creator of a theory called "historia". De pictura ("On Painting") contained the first scientific study of perspective.