July 8, 1709: Born, Etienne De Silhouette. The man, a French Minister of Finance, was so cheap they named an art form after him. Silhouettes -- profiles cut from black paper and mounted on white -- became a popular art form during his lifetime. They were an inexpensive form a portraiture, really the only form available to the non-wealthy until the invention of the photograph. The silhouette shown is believed to be of Jane Austen.