Marie Louise, Archduchess of Austria (1791-1847), second wife of Napoleon, bore him a son, later styled Napoleon II. Only seventeen when married to Napoleon, her life was a bleak one. His wars occupied him completely. Eventually she was to become a refugee from the armies conquering France and deposing her husband. She returned to Austria and was later made the Duchess of Parma. She entered a morganatic marriage with a man named Neipperg and died at fifty-six.