Francesco Petrarca 1304 – 1374 born in Arezzo, was a scholar, poet and one of the earliest humanists. Petrarch is called the "Father of Humanism". In the 16th century, Bembo created the model for the modern Italian language based on Petrarch's works, as well as those of Boccaccio and Dante. Petrarch's sonnets were admired and imitated throughout Europe during the Renaissance and became a model for lyrical poetry. He is also known for being the first to develop the concept of the "Dark Ages".