Martin Eden
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A typical frame-saw used by the timber camp prisoners. Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.

A typical frame-saw used by the timber camp prisoners. Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.

La palabra “Gulag” ha venido a denominar además no sólo la administración de los campos de concentración sino también al sistema soviético de trabajos forzados en sí mismo, en todas sus formas y variedades: campos de trabajo, de castigo, de criminales y políticos, de mujeres, de niños o de tránsito.  Incluso los prisioneros en alguna ocasión lo llamaron “triturador de carne“, : las detenciones, los interrogatorios, el transporte en vehículos de ganado, el trabajo forzoso, la destrucción de…

La palabra “Gulag” ha venido a denominar además no sólo la administración de los campos de concentración sino también al sistema soviético de trabajos forzados en sí mismo, en todas sus formas y variedades: campos de trabajo, de castigo, de criminales y políticos, de mujeres, de niños o de tránsito. Incluso los prisioneros en alguna ocasión lo llamaron “triturador de carne“, : las detenciones, los interrogatorios, el transporte en vehículos de ganado, el trabajo forzoso, la destrucción de…

Russian prisoner march

Russian prisoner march

Prisoners mine gold at Kolyma, the most notorious Gulag camp in extreme northeastern Siberia. From 1934 documentary film, Kolyma. Courtsey of Central Russian State Film and Photo Archive.

Prisoners mine gold at Kolyma, the most notorious Gulag camp in extreme northeastern Siberia. From 1934 documentary film, Kolyma. Courtsey of Central Russian State Film and Photo Archive.

“Siberia was the worst prison in the world and there its 40 degrees. It was very awful. Most of people just died in Siberia. It was not possible to live there. In the big prison camps, their heart just died. And some people never reached Siberia because they were put in the trains, and it was cruel. No toilets. There was disease. Siberia some of my family were sent here.

“Siberia was the worst prison in the world and there its 40 degrees. It was very awful. Most of people just died in Siberia. It was not possible to live there. In the big prison camps, their heart just died. And some people never reached Siberia because they were put in the trains, and it was cruel. No toilets. There was disease. Siberia some of my family were sent here.

Russian Gulag Labor Camps Soviet - Norton Safe Search

Russian Gulag Labor Camps Soviet - Norton Safe Search

Construcción de una línea de ferrocarril en la región ártica (1947). Es una de las fotos que tomaron presos, rescatadas por el periodista polaco Thomas Kizny para su libro 'Gulag'.

Construcción de una línea de ferrocarril en la región ártica (1947). Es una de las fotos que tomaron presos, rescatadas por el periodista polaco Thomas Kizny para su libro 'Gulag'.

Bleak: Soviet inmates at the frozen prison camp in Norilsk, Siberia, in 1945. The camps, often in the middle of nowhere, were surrounded with barbed wire and watchtowers

Bleak: Soviet inmates at the frozen prison camp in Norilsk, Siberia, in 1945. The camps, often in the middle of nowhere, were surrounded with barbed wire and watchtowers

Women building the Trans-Polar Mainline - Joseph Stalin's deadly railway to nowhere - makes an interesting read and an insight into the time.

Women building the Trans-Polar Mainline - Joseph Stalin's deadly railway to nowhere - makes an interesting read and an insight into the time.

Prisoners’ eating utensils. Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.

Prisoners’ eating utensils. Courtesy of the Gulag Museum at Perm-36.