Stays (corsets) were made from whale bone and were incredibly tight and uncomfortable. They provided the structure for graceful posture and quality of deportment required for ladies at the time. Flat, V-shaped front formed from the base of the stomach
Beautiful Bustle Cage of iron hoops and linen bands. This is an example of a bustle cage in They wanted the dress to hug the body around the waist but make the butt area appear larger. This would be worn underneath the dress.