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Mesopotamian art Stamp seals and Cylinder seals

Mesopotamian stamp seals - Mesopotamian cylinder seal - Achaemenid cylinder seal - Old Babylonian cylinder seal - Akkadian cylinder seal - Elamite cylinder seal - Sumerian cylinder seal
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Achaemenid cylinder seal, white and grey banded agate cylinder seal, 5th-4th century B.C. Barrel shaped with a bearded Persian king gripping the horns of a rampant goat with its head turned back, the king wearing a crown, tunic and trousers, sword in his lowered hand, a goat fish to the left, combining the fore part of a goat with tail of a fish, 3.3 cm long. Private collection


Western Asiatic cylinder seal, chalcedony, Northwest Iran, 800-700 B.C. Unfinished, with three figures facing right, in the center a king standing with his right arm raised, a sword hanging at his side, a servant standing behind him, no doubt a eunuch, in front of the king a stag standing erect on hind legs, remaining space on the stone blank, the perforation not drilled, 3.4 cm long. Private collection


Akkadian cylinder seal green sepentine, 2334-2154 B.C. With the water god Enki/Ea seated on angular stool, wearing a horned tiara and a long flounced robe, the god supported by two kneeling attendants, each a Lahmu hairy hero, with much hair around their faces, wearing triple stranded belts,line inscription in Sumerian cuneiform naming the owner, Gissu, scribe, 4 cm long. Private collection


Lapis Sasanian seal with bearded king or hero, 3rd-5th century A.D. Wearing a elaborate headdress, earrings and a necklace, 1.7 cm long. Private collection


Late Uruk Jemdet Nasr black stone cylinder seal, 3rd millenium B.C. Deeply engraved with a bull in profile to the right, a plant rising from the ground in front of the animal and bending over its back, 3 cm long. Private collection


Achaemenid cylinder seal, chalcedony, 5th- 4th century B.C. With a Persian horseman spearing an infantryman, the horse with a cropped tail and a decorated saddle blanket, the rider wearing folded Persian headgear, tunic and trousers, a bow over his arm which holds the reins,with a dog, perhaps a saluki, running along beside the horse, and a winged solar disk in the sky, with the original bronze mount, 5 cm high. Private collection

Sasanian seal, 3rd-6th century A.D. With open hand. Private collection

Kassite cylinder seal, obsidian, 1350-1200 B.C. Superbly engraved with a standing man holding two horses, large area above the main scene with a seven-line inscription in Babylonian cuneiform identifying this as the Seal of Kur-Shugab, son of Tunami-Sah, whose god is Irhan, and whose goddess is Belet-Akkadî, he gave it to his son, Urkat-yazi, the vizier, with line borders above and below, 5.8 cm long. Private collection

Old Babylonian cylinder seal, banded agate, 1683-1647 B.C. With a single figure of a goddess in a long fringed robe, standing with both arms raised, three line inscription in Babylonian cuneiform naming the owner Gimil-Marduk, son of Sîn-ellassu, servant of Ammi-ditana, 2.9 cm long. Private collection

Elamite cylinder seal, haematite, Sukkalmah dynasty, 1900-1600 B.C. With a worshipper before the storm god, the scene placed horizontally, the god wearing a horned tiara and a long creased robe open at the front, with a three-line inscription in Elamite cuneiform naming the owner Shagga, son of Abriri, servant of Adad, 2.9 cm long. Private collection