Canaanite Syro-Hittite terracotta anthropomorphic lamp, Middle Bronze Age IIa, 2000-1750 B.C. The stylized face image can be compared with Syro-Hittite - Northern Canaanite Middle Bronze Age terracotta bird face idols. The lamp shape can be compared with the Canaanite lamps of the period, 13 cm long. Private collection
Aramaic inscription, Judaean lead scroll, century B. Holy Land area, Judaean lead scroll usually with Aramaic inscription and rolled sheet of lead, cm high.
Pilgrim flask, Coptic Egypt, 480- 650 A.D. Pilgrim flask depicting Saint Menas on eithe side, flanked by camels, his arms outstretched in blessing, above each arm is a quincunx, representing a cross, all within a beaded circular border. These small flasks were probably produced at the pilgrimage center of Abu Mena, south-west of Alexandria, to sell to the devout as a souvenir of a visit and have been deduced to have contained holy water or oil from the shrine, 9.5 high. Private collection
True cross, 7th-8th century A.D. There are four distinct types, one with H-N-E-I in corners, one with three human figures, one with two human figures and X’s on horizontal side bars and one with two, slightly larger, human figures and no X’s. All his specimens are from the same hoard, found in Turkey. They represent aspects of the Crucifixion and probably allude to recovery of the True Cross by the emperor Heraclus (610-641 A.D.) from the Sassanians. He brought it back to Constantinople.
True cross, the most precious relic preserved by the Byzantine church was the True Cross, claimed to be the actual cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Discovered in the 320 during the renovations of the pilgrimage sites in Jerusalem under Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, the Cross had been venerated by generations of pilgrims by the seventh century. The two figures are Saints Helena and Constantine or possibly Mary and John, 2.2 cm diameter. Private collection
True cross tokens were issued as souvenirs of the celebrations accompanying the return of the Cross to Jerusalem in 630 A.D. They are small clay or terra-cotta "medallions", made by pressing a lump of clay into a probably wooden mold. It is said that a piece of the wood of the Cross was burned and the ash mixed with the clay, hence the tokens, themselves, became miniature reliquaries, 1.9 cm diameter. Private collection
Christian amulet with opening words of the Psalm, century A. Christian amulet, bronze leaf shaped amulet depicting on one side a Angel holding a sceptre, on other side OKA TOIKO NENBO HOIAT OYY, 4 cm long.
Jordanian alabaster cosmetic palette, 7th-6th Century B.C. In the form of a stylised figure, both the front and back of the approximately rectangular palette/body with dot and circle border on three sides, with incised patterned edges, surmounted by a stylised head incised with large almond-shaped eyes, the headdress with 'feathered' lappets, pierced above the neck, 9cm high. Private collection
Caananite bronze warrior, Middle Bronze Age, 2nd millenium B.C. Standing with his feet together atop a high conical tenon, wearing a short kilt with his dagger at his waist, his arms held forth, each wielding a long spear, with broad shoulders and protruding pectorals, his large head with rounded ears, a prominent nose, deeply-recessed eyes and a pointed chin, 12.7 cm high. Private collection