Holy Land art artifacts

Byzantine oil lamp - Holy land pottery - Astarte - Pilgrim flask - True cross
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Byzantine oil lamp, 4th-5th century A.D. Byzantine terracotta  oil lamp, 9 cm long. Private collection

Byzantine oil lamp, 4th-5th century A.D. Byzantine terracotta oil lamp, 9 cm long. Private collection

Judaean lead scroll, 8th-7th century B.C. Holy Land area, Judaean lead scroll usually with Aramaic inscription and rolled sheet of lead, 4.8 cm high. Private collection

Judaean lead scroll, 8th-7th century B.C. Holy Land area, Judaean lead scroll usually with Aramaic inscription and rolled sheet of lead, 4.8 cm high. Private collection

Byzantine oil lamp, 4th-5th century A.D. Byzantine oil lamp, Holy land area, early Christian pottery oil lamp with three palmettes on handle, 9.6 cm long. Private collection

Byzantine oil lamp, 4th-5th century A.D. Byzantine oil lamp, Holy land area, early Christian pottery oil lamp with three palmettes on handle, 9.6 cm long. Private collection

Byzantine oil lamp, 4th-5th century A.D. Byzantine oil lamp, 9 cm long. Private collection

Byzantine oil lamp, 4th-5th century A.D. Byzantine oil lamp, 9 cm long. Private collection

Christian amulet with opening words of the 91st. Psalm, 5th-6th century A.D. Christian amulet, bronze leaf shaped amulet depicting on one side a Angel holding a sceptre, on other side OKA TOIKO NENBO HOIAT OYY, 4 cm long. Private collection

Christian amulet with opening words of the 91st. Psalm, 5th-6th century A.D. Christian amulet, bronze leaf shaped amulet depicting on one side a Angel holding a sceptre, on other side OKA TOIKO NENBO HOIAT OYY, 4 cm long. Private collection

True cross, 7th-8th century A.D. There are four distinct types, one with H-N-E-I in corners, one with three human figures, one  with two human figures and X’s on horizontal side bars and one with two, slightly larger, human figures and no X’s. All his specimens are from the same hoard, found in Turkey. They represent aspects of the Crucifixion and probably allude to recovery of the True Cross by the emperor Heraclus (610-641 A.D.) from the Sassanians. He brought it back to Constantinople.

True cross, 7th-8th century A.D. There are four distinct types, one with H-N-E-I in corners, one with three human figures, one with two human figures and X’s on horizontal side bars and one with two, slightly larger, human figures and no X’s. All his specimens are from the same hoard, found in Turkey. They represent aspects of the Crucifixion and probably allude to recovery of the True Cross by the emperor Heraclus (610-641 A.D.) from the Sassanians. He brought it back to Constantinople.

True cross clay token with the emblem of the cross and X on horizontal side bars and two figures that could be Apostle Peter and St. Paul, 1.6 cm diameter. Private collection

True cross clay token with the emblem of the cross and X on horizontal side bars and two figures that could be Apostle Peter and St. Paul, 1.6 cm diameter. Private collection

True cross, the most precious relic preserved by the Byzantine church was the True Cross, claimed to be the actual cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Discovered in the 320 during the renovations of the pilgrimage sites in Jerusalem under Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, the Cross had been venerated by generations of pilgrims by the seventh century. The two figures are Saints Helena and Constantine or possibly Mary and John,  2.2 cm diameter. Private collection

True cross, the most precious relic preserved by the Byzantine church was the True Cross, claimed to be the actual cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Discovered in the 320 during the renovations of the pilgrimage sites in Jerusalem under Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, the Cross had been venerated by generations of pilgrims by the seventh century. The two figures are Saints Helena and Constantine or possibly Mary and John, 2.2 cm diameter. Private collection

True cross tokens were issued as souvenirs of the celebrations accompanying the return of the Cross to Jerusalem in 630 A.D. They are small clay or terra-cotta "medallions", made by pressing a lump of clay into a probably wooden mold. It is said that a piece of the wood of the Cross was burned and the ash mixed with the clay, hence the tokens, themselves, became miniature reliquaries, 1.9 cm diameter. Private collection

True cross tokens were issued as souvenirs of the celebrations accompanying the return of the Cross to Jerusalem in 630 A.D. They are small clay or terra-cotta "medallions", made by pressing a lump of clay into a probably wooden mold. It is said that a piece of the wood of the Cross was burned and the ash mixed with the clay, hence the tokens, themselves, became miniature reliquaries, 1.9 cm diameter. Private collection

True cross with a Greek cross with the letters H N E I in the angles, likely reading is hn ei(dos), "behold the appearance (of the Cross)", 1.5 cm diameter.  Private collection

True cross with a Greek cross with the letters H N E I in the angles, likely reading is hn ei(dos), "behold the appearance (of the Cross)", 1.5 cm diameter. Private collection

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