True cross, 7th-8th century A.D. There are four distinct types, one with H-N-E-I in corners, one with three human figures, one with two human figures and X’s on horizontal side bars and one with two, slightly larger, human figures and no X’s. All his specimens are from the same hoard, found in Turkey. They represent aspects of the Crucifixion and probably allude to recovery of the True Cross by the emperor Heraclus (610-641 A.D.) from the Sassanians. He brought it back to Constantinople.