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Coptic art artifacts

Coptic textile - Coptic art - Pilgrim flask - Coptic mirror - Coptic doll - Bread stamp
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True cross with a Greek cross with the letters H N E I in the angles, likely reading is hn ei(dos), "behold the appearance (of the Cross)", 1.5 cm diameter. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts

Coptic textile embroidered with name 'CAUBATIOY', 4th-5th century A.D. Egyptian linen and wool, the panel is a very fine gauze like fabric with a thick band and three other narrow bands of the same color along the edge, most importantly along the right side is an embroidered name which appears to read 'CAUBATIOY" which could be the name of the original owner of the maker of the garment, 34.2 cm x 22.8 cm unpublished. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts

Coptic terracotta bust of a female figure, 6th-7th century A.D. Coptic terracotta bust of a female figure with pointed headdress, 10.7 cm high. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts

Coptic bone toy doll or pendant, 6th-8th century A.D. Coptic bone miniature toy doll or pendant, two little holed eyes maybe for use as pendant, 3.3 cm high. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts

Bread stamp of wood, Coptic, 4th-7th century A.D. Prosphora stamp, these stamps are used for bread intended for consecration and communion within the various ancient Christian traditions. The inscription is IC XC NI KI, which stands for "Jesus Christ, Victor" Stamp carved into nine sectors, each decorated with different geometric motifs, including crosses and triangles, the rectangular handle carved at the top with another cross and abstract motif, 8.5 cm diameter. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts

True cross clay token with the emblem of the cross and X on horizontal side bars and two figures that could be Apostle Peter and St. Paul, 1.6 cm diameter. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts

True cross, 7th-8th century A.D. There are four distinct types, one with H-N-E-I in corners, one with three human figures, one with two human figures and X’s on horizontal side bars and one with two, slightly larger, human figures and no X’s. All his specimens are from the same hoard, found in Turkey. They represent aspects of the Crucifixion and probably allude to recovery of the True Cross by the emperor Heraclus (610-641 A.D.) from the Sassanians. He brought it back to Constantinople.

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Ancient artifacts

Comb amulet, Coptic, 5th-7th century A.D. Coptic bone amulet in the form of a carding comb, centrally pierced for suspension, 1.3 cm high. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts

True cross tokens were issued as souvenirs of the celebrations accompanying the return of the Cross to Jerusalem in 630 A.D. They are small clay or terra-cotta "medallions", made by pressing a lump of clay into a probably wooden mold. It is said that a piece of the wood of the Cross was burned and the ash mixed with the clay, hence the tokens, themselves, became miniature reliquaries, 1.9 cm diameter. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts

True cross, the most precious relic preserved by the Byzantine church was the True Cross, claimed to be the actual cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Discovered in the 320 during the renovations of the pilgrimage sites in Jerusalem under Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, the Cross had been venerated by generations of pilgrims by the seventh century. The two figures are Saints Helena and Constantine or possibly Mary and John, 2.2 cm diameter. Private collection

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Ancient artifacts