Byzantine art artifacts

Crusader brick - Pilgrim badge - Byzantine art - Byzantine mirror - Byzantine belt buckle
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Byzantine oil lamp with 5 wick-holes, Holy Land, 7th- 8th Century A.D. The body square in shape, the central fill-hole flanked by floral elements, all within a raised geometric border, five wick-holes across the front,  handle is tall and flat and comprised of conjoined arches, each with raised decoration featuring two facing busts of saints within an arched window supported on either side and at center by columns, 8.9 cm long. Private collection

Byzantine oil lamp with 5 wick-holes, Holy Land, 7th- 8th Century A.D. The body square in shape, the central fill-hole flanked by floral elements, all within a raised geometric border, five wick-holes across the front, handle is tall and flat and comprised of conjoined arches, each with raised decoration featuring two facing busts of saints within an arched window supported on either side and at center by columns, 8.9 cm long. Private collection

Terracotta pilgrim flask, Coptic Egypt, 480- 650 A.D. Depicting Saint Menas on eithe side, flanked by camels, his arms outstretched in blessing, above each arm is a quincunx, representing a cross, all within a beaded circular border. These small flasks were probably produced at the pilgrimage center of Abu Mena, south-west of Alexandria, to sell to the devout as a souvenir of a visit and have been deduced to have contained holy water or oil from the shrine, 9.5 high. Private collection

Terracotta pilgrim flask, Coptic Egypt, 480- 650 A.D. Depicting Saint Menas on eithe side, flanked by camels, his arms outstretched in blessing, above each arm is a quincunx, representing a cross, all within a beaded circular border. These small flasks were probably produced at the pilgrimage center of Abu Mena, south-west of Alexandria, to sell to the devout as a souvenir of a visit and have been deduced to have contained holy water or oil from the shrine, 9.5 high. Private collection

Byzantine glass flask with Jewish and Christian symbols, 6th -7th century A.D. This artifact is one of a large number of glass vessels produced in Israel and in Syria and intended for the pilgrims. Each of the six sides of the flask is decorated with a symbol,  an ornament in the form of a cross, a stylized palm tree, a shrine represented by two columns with stylized capitals supporting an arch, twice the motif of concentric lozenges and a menorah on a tripod base, 9 cm high. Private…

Byzantine glass flask with Jewish and Christian symbols, 6th -7th century A.D. This artifact is one of a large number of glass vessels produced in Israel and in Syria and intended for the pilgrims. Each of the six sides of the flask is decorated with a symbol, an ornament in the form of a cross, a stylized palm tree, a shrine represented by two columns with stylized capitals supporting an arch, twice the motif of concentric lozenges and a menorah on a tripod base, 9 cm high. Private…

Byzantine oil lamp, 4th-5th century A.D. 9 cm long. Private collection

Byzantine oil lamp, 4th-5th century A.D. 9 cm long. Private collection

Pilgrim badge True cross, 7th-8th century A.D. There are four distinct types, one with H-N-E-I in corners, one with three human figures, one  with two human figures and X’s on horizontal side bars and one with two, slightly larger, human figures and no X’s. All his specimens are from the same hoard, found in Turkey. They represent aspects of the Crucifixion and allude to recovery of the True Cross by the emperor Heraclus (610-641 A.D.) from the Sassanians, he brought it back to…

Pilgrim badge True cross, 7th-8th century A.D. There are four distinct types, one with H-N-E-I in corners, one with three human figures, one with two human figures and X’s on horizontal side bars and one with two, slightly larger, human figures and no X’s. All his specimens are from the same hoard, found in Turkey. They represent aspects of the Crucifixion and allude to recovery of the True Cross by the emperor Heraclus (610-641 A.D.) from the Sassanians, he brought it back to…

True cross clay token with the emblem of the cross and X on horizontal side bars and two figures that could be Apostle Peter and St. Paul, 1.6 cm diameter. Private collection

True cross clay token with the emblem of the cross and X on horizontal side bars and two figures that could be Apostle Peter and St. Paul, 1.6 cm diameter. Private collection

Byzantine belt buckle with griffion, 4th-6th century A.D. Bronze buckle with two loops and hinged tongue, the flat plate engraved with a fine rendition of a winged griffin standing left, 5.5 cm long. Private collection

Byzantine belt buckle with griffion, 4th-6th century A.D. Bronze buckle with two loops and hinged tongue, the flat plate engraved with a fine rendition of a winged griffin standing left, 5.5 cm long. Private collection

Christian amulet with opening words of the 91st. Psalm, 5th-6th century A.D. Bronze leaf shaped amulet depicting on one side a Angel holding a sceptre, on other side OKA TOIKO NENBO HOIAT OYY, 4 cm long. Private collection

Christian amulet with opening words of the 91st. Psalm, 5th-6th century A.D. Bronze leaf shaped amulet depicting on one side a Angel holding a sceptre, on other side OKA TOIKO NENBO HOIAT OYY, 4 cm long. Private collection

Pilgrim badge True cross, the most precious relic preserved by the Byzantine church was the True Cross, claimed to be the actual cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Discovered in the 320 during the renovations of the pilgrimage sites in Jerusalem under Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, the Cross had been venerated by generations of pilgrims by the seventh century. The two figures are Saints Helena and Constantine or possibly Mary and John,  2.2 cm diameter. Private collection

Pilgrim badge True cross, the most precious relic preserved by the Byzantine church was the True Cross, claimed to be the actual cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Discovered in the 320 during the renovations of the pilgrimage sites in Jerusalem under Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, the Cross had been venerated by generations of pilgrims by the seventh century. The two figures are Saints Helena and Constantine or possibly Mary and John, 2.2 cm diameter. Private collection

Pilgrim badge True cross tokens were issued as souvenirs of the celebrations accompanying the return of the Cross to Jerusalem in 630 A.D. They are small clay or terra-cotta "medallions", made by pressing a lump of clay into a probably wooden mold. It is said that a piece of the wood of the Cross was burned and the ash mixed with the clay, hence the tokens, themselves, became miniature reliquaries, 1.9 cm diameter. Private collection

Pilgrim badge True cross tokens were issued as souvenirs of the celebrations accompanying the return of the Cross to Jerusalem in 630 A.D. They are small clay or terra-cotta "medallions", made by pressing a lump of clay into a probably wooden mold. It is said that a piece of the wood of the Cross was burned and the ash mixed with the clay, hence the tokens, themselves, became miniature reliquaries, 1.9 cm diameter. Private collection

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