Kopis makhaira, century B. The makhaira/ kopis was a fierce and deadly Greek weapon. Designed to deliver a crushing blow from above, it became the favored sword for cavalry operations, as described by the "Friend of Sparta", Xenophon.
Macedonian arms 1 xiphos 4th century B.C., 2 kopis 4th century B.C. , Athen Archaeological Museum of Athens, 2a handle of kopis, 3 saurooter (sarissa buttspike), 4 sarissa tip, 5 tube that was used possibly to connect two parts of the pike together at middle, form time of of Philip II
Spear bits Inv 14821: spearpoint of Italian type, late 8th-early 7th century B.C., inv. 14819: spear-butt (sauroter) with an inscribed dedication to Apollo, mid 5th century B.C., inv. 14818: spear-butt with an inscribed dedication by the people of Methana, from spoils taken from the Athenians, 500-475 B.C., inv. 14820: spear-butt, 5th century B.C. Athens National Archaeological Museum