Calchidian helmet cheekpiece, 4th century B.C. Showing warriors engaged in a battle, from the sanctuary of Zeus at Dodona

Cheek-piece of a bronze helmet showing warriors engaged in a battle, from the sanctuary of Zeus at Dodona. About 400 BCE.

Chalcidian helmet, 4th century B.C. Of hammered sheet, with a rounded bowl off-set from the neck- and cheek-guards and the brim by a ridge, the neck-guard flaring along the back edge, the forward elements adorned with relief ornament illustrating the Herakles cycle, 26 cm high Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalcidian helmet, 4th century B.C. Of hammered sheet, with a rounded bowl off-set from the neck- and cheek-guards and the brim by a ridge, the neck-guard flaring along the back edge, the forward elements adorned with relief ornament illustrating the Herakles cycle, 26 cm high Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalcidian helmet, hellenistic period, 4th-3th century B.C. Private collection, from Christie's auction

A Greek bronze Chalcidian helmet, circa century BCE. Of hammered sheet…

Corinthian helmet, early 6th century B.C.  Bronze helmet originally of Corinthian type, but modified in antiquity to a hybrid Illyro-Chalcidian type. The cheek pieces were cut away and the nose guard removed.  Openings for the ears were also added, 20.5 cm Private collectionsm from Artemis gallery

Bronze Age Armor - Greek Bronze helmet originally of Corinthian type, but modified in antiquity to a hybrid Illyro-Chalcidian type.

Chalcidian helmet, archaic period, 2nd hald of the 6th century B.C. Of hammered sheet, the crown with a carinated edge that peaks at the front where it merges with the sharp median ridge, the carination especially pronounced at the back, with long crescentic cheek-pieces, the small nose-guard terminating in a disk, the neck-guard flanged, a reinforcing band joined by rivets applied around the perimeter of the eye-holes, 26.7 cm high. Private collection, from Christie's auction

Greek Chalcidian helmet, archaic period, circa half of the century BCE.

Late Chalcidian helmet with regional characteristics (type II) of the so-called Thracian group. High skull with pronounced, slightly rounded crest ridge. The former distinctly set off against the forehead below, the cheek pieces and the neck guard.  The edges of the eye openings framed by broad borders in repoussé, with a short nasal bar set in between, ending in a straight horizontal rim, 31 cm high. Private collection, from Hermann Historica auction

Late Chalcidian helmet with regional characteristics (type II) of the so-called Thracian group. High skull with pronounced, slightly rounded crest ridge. The former distinctly set off against the forehead below, the cheek pieces and the neck guard. The edges of the eye openings framed by broad borders in repoussé, with a short nasal bar set in between, ending in a straight horizontal rim, 31 cm high. Private collection, from Hermann Historica auction

Chalcidian helmet, type V, early 4th century B.C.  The lower section embellished with contoured ribs in repoussé at the ear and eye cut-outs. A lancet-shaped nose guard between the eye brows. Behind the ear cut-outs, the rear section features a shallow fuller before terminating in a short neck guard that curves outwards. The cheek pieces are attached to the skull by a five-part hinge, with two bushings for each cheek piece, 29 cm high. Private collection, from Hermann Historica auction

Chalcidian helmet, type V, early 4th century B.C. The lower section embellished with contoured ribs in repoussé at the ear and eye cut-outs. A lancet-shaped nose guard between the eye brows. Behind the ear cut-outs, the rear section features a shallow fuller before terminating in a short neck guard that curves outwards. The cheek pieces are attached to the skull by a five-part hinge, with two bushings for each cheek piece, 29 cm high. Private collection, from Hermann Historica auction

Chalcidian helmet, 5th century B.C., Magna Grecia. Its elaborate form and light weight suggest that it was a parade helmet rather than one actually worn in battle.

Helmet -- BCE -- Greek, Southern Italy -- Hammered from a single piece of bronze -- Saint Louis Museum of Art

Chalcidian helmet with a griffin. It was found at the gate of the ancient city of Gorna Porta Stobi, ancient Macedonian city

Chalcidian helmet with a griffin. It was found at the gate of the ancient city of Gorna Porta Stobi, ancient Macedonian city

Chalcidian helmet, archaic period, late 6th century B.C. Of hammered sheet, with a small nose-guard, broadly curving cheek-pieces, sharply carinated perimeter and everted flange along the neck-guard, with a molded spiral motif on each cheek-piece, ridges around the eyes, high arching brows above, the perimeter peaked at the center, with elaborate egg-and-dart molding below the ridge, a palmette at the center and along each temple, 27 cm high Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalcidian helmet, archaic period, late 6th century B.C. Of hammered sheet, with a small nose-guard, broadly curving cheek-pieces, sharply carinated perimeter and everted flange along the neck-guard, with a molded spiral motif on each cheek-piece, ridges around the eyes, high arching brows above, the perimeter peaked at the center, with elaborate egg-and-dart molding below the ridge, a palmette at the center and along each temple, 27 cm high Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalcidian helmet circa 5th-early 4th centuiry B.C. With shallow curve at the brow, the central inverted 'v'-shaped contour with faint traces of a palmette, stylized curled hair below which forms the body of a chased long snouted sea monster with bared serrated teeth and lolling tongue, single and double rows of punched arcs around the helmet edge, the pair of hinged cusped cheekpieces with pierced hole in the lower corner, 29.8 cm high. Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalcidian helmet circa 5th-early 4th centuiry B.C. With shallow curve at the brow, the central inverted 'v'-shaped contour with faint traces of a palmette, stylized curled hair below which forms the body of a chased long snouted sea monster with bared serrated teeth and lolling tongue, single and double rows of punched arcs around the helmet edge, the pair of hinged cusped cheekpieces with pierced hole in the lower corner, 29.8 cm high. Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalcidian helmet, 5th-4th century B.C. The domed crown with median ridge and carinated perimeter, a moulded spiral motif on each temple connected across the brow by shallow ribs, incised lines along edge below, a Greek dedicatory inscription down one side of rear neck-guard and highlighting of inscription, 24.1 cm high excl. cheekpieces. Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalcidian helmet, 5th-4th century B.C. The domed crown with median ridge and carinated perimeter, a moulded spiral motif on each temple connected across the brow by shallow ribs, incised lines along edge below, a Greek dedicatory inscription down one side of rear neck-guard and highlighting of inscription, 24.1 cm high excl. cheekpieces. Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalchidian helmet, 5th-4th century B.C. The carinated domed crown with median ridge, a moulded spiral motif on each temple, connected by inverted 'V' mouldings above the brow with traces of engraved detail between, with cusped cheekpieces, 27.6 cm  high. Private collection, from Christie's auction

Chalchidian helmet, 5th-4th century B.C. The carinated domed crown with median ridge, a moulded spiral motif on each temple, connected by inverted 'V' mouldings above the brow with traces of engraved detail between, with cusped cheekpieces, 27.6 cm high. Private collection, from Christie's auction

Cheek piece of a bronze helmet showing warriors engaged in a battle, from the sanctuary of Zeus at Dodona, 400 B.C. National archeological museum Athen

Cheek-piece of a bronze helmet showing warriors engaged in a battle, from the sanctuary of Zeus at Dodona. About 400 BCE.

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