The Atlantic puffin spends the autumn and winter in the open ocean of the cold northern seas and returns to coastal areas at the start of the breeding season in late spring. — at Latrabjarg (Westfjords).
The Rauðisandur black church is one of the 3 black churches in Iceland. They are black because the exterior wood is painted with pitch, just like the hull of a boat. This is to protect it from the harsh Icelandic elements. This works fairly well and buildings treated in this way have survived over 100 years.
Arnarstapi (or Stapi) is a small fishing village at the foot of Mt. Stapafell between Hellnar village and Breiðavík farms on the southern side of Snæfellsnes. In Jules Verne's “A Journey to the Center of the Earth”, Arnarstapi is the last stop on the route the protagonists take before they climb Snæfellsjökull and enter the interior of the planet though a tunnel in the crater.
Icelandic names differ from most current Western family name systems by being patronymic (occasionally matronymic) in that they reflect the immediate father (or mother) of the child and not the historic family lineage. Example: a man named Jón Einarsson has a son named Ólafur. Ólafur’s last name will not be Einarsson like his father’s; it will become Jónsson, literally indicating that Ólafur is the son of Jón (Jóns + son).
Reykjavík has two seaports, the old harbour near the city centre which is mainly used by fishermen and cruise ships (shown in the picture) and Sundahöfn in the east city which is the largest cargo port in the country.
The Sun Voyager (Icelandic: Sólfar) is a sculpture by Jón Gunnar Árnason - Sun Voyager is a dreamboat, an ode to the sun. Intrinsically, it contains within itself the promise of undiscovered territory, a dream of hope, progress and freedom.
Why are Icelandic houses so colorful? The tradition has its roots in the primary building material of the early 20th century: corrugated iron. Iceland was a poor country and embraced this material usually reserved for roofs. These houses then needed to be painted to stop them from rusting. The cheapest choice was leftover paint from shipping yards, and this paint often happened to be in bright colors.